The Goddess of Fertility and Mysteries.
Kybele is a Goddess of fertility, both in humans and animals, and of wild nature, especially forests and mountains. She was served by transvestite priests who had undergone castration, and presided over orgies and ecstatic rites. Her Mysteries were second only to the Eleusinian in antiquity. Through the shedding of blood – both that of her galli, and the bulls and rams of her great sacrifices – the earth was made fecund once more.
Primary Cult Centers
- Agdistis – from the Agdus rock
- Dindymene – of Mount Dindymus
- Idaia – of Mount Ida
- Kubebe – alternate version
- Magna Mater – Great Mother
- Mater Deum – Mother of the Gods
- Meter – Mother
- Meter Oreia – Mountain Mother
- Rhea – alternate name
- Tmolene – of Mount Tmolus
Drum, tower crown, throne
Aromatic herbs, cypress, opium poppy, myrrh, civet, blood
- March Festival ((March 15, 22, and 24-27)) Respectively, each day is Dies Cannophori, Dendrophori, Sanguinis, Hilaria, Requies and Ultimus
- Megalesia (April 4-9) .
Ways to honor
Dancing and drumming are central to the worship of Kybele, often until one reaches states of ecstacy and trance-possession. Respect queer people – gays, lesbians, the transgendered, and those into BDSM – as they are her special children. Go to wild places – forests, mountains, and cities late at night – and look for her there.
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Ancient Hymns and Texts
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Modern Hymns and Devotions
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- Apollodorus’ Library 1.1.3-1.2.1, 3.12.6, 3.5.1, 3.12.6
- Apollonius Rhodius’ Argonautica 1.1092-1152
- Apuleius’ Metamorphoses 8.23-31
- Arnobius of Sicca’s The Case Against the Pagans 5.5-7, 16-17
- Catallus’ Poem 63
- Clement of Alexandria’s Exhortation to the Greeks 2.15-24
- Eusebius of Caesarea’s Preparation for the Gospel 2.3.18
- Firmicus Maternus’ The Error of the Pagan Religions 3, 18.1
- Herodotus’ The Histories 1.34-35
- Hesiod’s Theogony 135, 453-506
- Hippolytus of Rome’s Refutation of All Heresies 5.7.1-24, 5.9.10, 8.31-9.11
- Homer’s Iliad 14.201-204
- Homeric Hymn to the Mother of the Gods 14
- Hyginus’ Fabulae 139, 191
- Emperor Julian’s Hymn to the Mother of the Gods
- Emperor Julian’s Orations
- Livy’s History of Rome 29.10-14
- Lucian’s De Dea Syria 1-16, 30-60
- Ovid’s Fasti 4.221-348
- Ovid’s Metamorposes 10.102-105, 10.686-704, 14.535-555
- Pausanias’ Description of Greece 7.17.9-12, 8.36.2-3
- Prudentius’ On the Martyr’s Crown 10.1011-50
- Sallustius’ On the Gods and the World 4
- Virgil’s Aeneid 10.252-55
- Virgil’s Ciris 163-167
- In Search of God the Mother: The Cult of Anatolian Cybele by Lynn E. Roller